Tibetan

Tibetan is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by about 6 million people in China (Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan), India, Bhutan, and Nepal. In Mongolia Tibetan is considered the Classical language of Buddhism and was widely taught until quite recently.

Before 1949-50, Tibet comprised of three provinces: Amdo, now split between the Qinghai, Gansu and Sichuan provinces; Kham, now largely incorporated into the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Qinghai, and U-Tsang, which, together with western Kham, is now known as the Tibet Autonomous Region, which was created in 1965.

During the 7th Century AD Songstem Gampo, the 33rd king of the Yarlung Dynasty of southern Tibet and the first Emperor of Tibet sent Thonmi Sambhota, one of his ministers, to India to gather information on Buddhism. The minister then reputedly devised a script for Tibetan based on the Devanagari model and also wrote a grammar of Tibetan based on Sanskrit grammars.

The new Tibetan alphabet was used to write Tibetan translations of Buddhists texts. The first Sanskrit-Tibetan dictionary, Mahavyutpatti, appeared in the 9th century. Wood block printing, introduced from China, was used in Tibet from an early date and is still used in a few monasteries.

Tibetan literature is mainly concerned with Buddhist themes and includes works translated from Sanskrit and Chinese and original Tibetan works. The most unusual genre of Tibetan literature is that of gter-ma or ‘rediscovered’ texts – reputedly the work of ancient masters which have been hidden in remote caves for many centuries.

Most Tibetic languages are written in one of two Indic scripts. Standard Tibetan and most other Tibetic languages are written in the Tibetan script with a historically conservative orthography that helps unify the Tibetan-language area. Some other Tibetan languages (in India and Nepal) are written in the related Devanagari script, which is also used to write Hindi, Nepali and many other languages. However, some Ladakhi and Balti speakers write with the Urdu script; this occurs almost exclusively in Pakistan. The Tibetan script fell out of use in Pakistani Baltistan hundreds of years ago upon the region’s adoption of Islam.

 

ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Tibetan in the following fields:

 

  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences

 

Tibetan Proverb: “A child without education is like a bird without wings.”

 

ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Tibetan:

 

English – Tibetan

 

French – Tibetan

 

German – Tibetan

 

Italian – Tibetan

 

Spanish – Tibetan1

 

 

 

 

ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Tibetan.

 

 

With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Tibetan with us online!

 

Send your translation requests into or from Tibetan, with the documents you need to be translated to info@promosaik.com