Tajik is the variety of Persian spoken in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It is closely related to Dari Persian. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, Tajik has been considered by a number of writers and researchers to be a variety of Persian. The issue of whether Tajik and Persian are to be considered two dialects of a single language or two discrete languages has political sides to it.  Today Tajik is recognized as a West-Iranian language.

Τajik dialects can be approximately split into the following groups: Northern, Central, Southern and Southeastern dialects.

The dialect used by the Bukharan Jews of Central Asia is known as the Bukhori dialect and belongs to the northern dialect grouping. It is chiefly distinguished by the inclusion of Hebrew terms, principally religious vocabulary, and a historical use of the Hebrew alphabet. Despite these differences, Bukhori is readily intelligible to other Tajik-speakers, particularly speakers of northern dialects.

In Tajikistan and other countries of the former Soviet Union, Tajik Persian is currently written in Cyrillic script, although it was written in the Latin script beginning in 1928 and the Arabic alphabet prior to 1928. In the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, the use of the Latin script was later replaced in 1939 by the Cyrillic script. The Tajik alphabet added six additional letters to the Cyrillic script inventory and these additional letters are distinguished in the Tajik orthography by the use of diacritics.

According to many scholars, the New Persian language developed in Transoxiana and Khorasan, in what are today parts of Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Following the Arab conquest of Iran and most of Central Asia in the 8th century AD, Arabic for a time became the court language, and Persian and other Iranian languages were relegated to the private sphere. In the 9th century AD, following the rise of the Samanids, New Persian emerged as the court language and swiftly displaced Arabic.  The Russian Empire in Russian Turkestan implemented Turkification upon the Ferghana and Sarmakand Tajiks replacing the Tajik language with Uzbek resulting in an Uzbek dominant speaking Samarkand whereas decades before Tajik was the dominant language in Samarkand.

The creation of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic within the Soviet Union in 1929 helped to safeguard the future of Tajik, as it became an official language of the republic alongside Russian. Still, substantial numbers of Tajik-speakers remained outside the borders of the republic, mostly in the neighboring Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, which created a source of tension between Tajiks and Uzbeks. After the fall of the Soviet Union and Tajikistan’s independence in 1991, the government of Tajikistan has made substantial efforts to promote the use of Tajik in all spheres of public and private life. Tajik is gaining ground among the once-Russified upper classes, and continues its role as the vernacular of the majority of the country’s population.


ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Tajik in the following fields:


  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences


Tajik Proverb: “Anyone who has sown the seed of evil opens the gates of his death.”


ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Tajik:


English – Tajik


German – Tajik


Spanish – Tajik


Italian – Tajik


French – Tajik






ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Tajik.



With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Tajik with us online!


Send your translation requests into or from Tajik, with the documents you need to be translated to info@promosaik.com