Swedish is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by more than 9 million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish. Along with the other North Germanic languages, Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages by number of speakers.

Standard Swedish, spoken by most Swedes, is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well established by the beginning of the 20th century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects still exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized.

One of the earliest uses of Swedish as a literary language was “Gustav Vasa’s Bible“, translated and published in 1540 under the patronage of King Gustav Vasa. Finland was ruled by Sweden from the 12th century until 1809 and during that period, Swedish was the main language of government and education there. Today Finnish and Swedish have equal status as official languages in Finland.

In the 8th century, the common Germanic language of Scandinavia, Proto-Norse, had undergone some changes and evolved into Old Norse. This language began to undergo new changes that did not spread to all of Scandinavia, which resulted in the appearance of two similar dialects, Old West Norse (Norway and Iceland) and Old East Norse (Denmark and Sweden). From 1200 onwards, the dialects in Denmark began to diverge from those of Sweden.

Old Swedish is the term used for the medieval Swedish language. The start date is usually set to 1225 since this is the year that Västgötalagen (“the Västgöta Law”) is believed to have been compiled for the first time. It is among the most important documents of the period written in Latin script and the oldest Swedish law codes.

Modern Swedish begins with the advent of the printing press and the European Reformation. After assuming power, the new monarch Gustav Vasa ordered a Swedish translation of the Bible. The New Testament was published in 1526.


ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Swedish in the following fields:


  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences



Swedish Proverbs:Alla är vi barn i början. – We all start out as children.

Meaning: Mistakes should be expected of beginners.


ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Swedish:


English – Swedish


Italian — Swedish


Spanish — Swedish


German — Swedish


French — Swedish






ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Swedish.



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