Japanese

Japanese is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language. It is a member of the Japonic (or Japanese-Ryukyuan) language family, whose relation to other language groups, particularly to Korean and the suggested Altaic language family, is debated.

Little is known of the language’s prehistory, or when it first appeared in Japan. Chinese documents from the 3rd century recorded a few Japanese words, but substantial texts did not appear until the 8th century. Before the 4th century AD, the Japanese had no writing system. During the 5th century they began to import and adapt the Chinese script, along with many other aspects of Chinese culture, probably via Korea. However the Japanese were aware of Chinese writing from about the 1st century AD from the characters that appeared on imported Chinese goods.

Japanese has no genetic relationship with Chinese, but it makes extensive use of Chinese characters in its writing system, and a large portion of its vocabulary is borrowed from Chinese. Along with Chinese, Latin script is used in a limited fashion, such as for imported acronyms, and the numeral system uses mostly Arabic numerals alongside traditional Chinese numerals.

 

A common ancestor of Japanese and Ryukyuan languages or dialects is thought to have been brought to Japan by settlers coming from either continental Asia or nearby Pacific islands sometime in the early- to mid-2nd century BC. Very little is known about the Japanese of this period. Because writing had yet to be introduced from China, there is no direct evidence.

Old Japanese is the oldest attested stage of the Japanese language. Through the spread of Buddhism, the Chinese writing system was imported to Japan. The earliest texts found in Japan are written in Classical Chinese, but they may have been meant to be read as Japanese by the kanbun method.

Although Japanese is spoken almost exclusively in Japan, it has been spoken outside. Before and during World War II, through Japanese annexation of Taiwan and Korea, as well as partial occupation of China, the Philippines, and various Pacific islands, locals in those countries learned Japanese as the language of the empire. As a result, many elderly people in these countries can still speak Japanese.

 

ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Japanese in the following fields:

 

  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences

 

Japanese Proverbs:虎穴に入らずんば虎子を得ず” – (Koketsu ni irazunba koji wo ezu) – If you do not enter the tiger’s cave, you will not catch its cub.

Meaning: Nothing ventured, nothing gained. /You can’t do anything without risking something.

 

ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Japanese:

 

English – Japanese

 

German – Japanese

 

French – Japanese

 

Spanish – Japanese

 

Italian — Japanese

 

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ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Japanese.

               

 

With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Japanese with us online!

 

Send your translation requests into or from Japanese, with the documents you need to be translated to info@promosaik.com