Icelandic is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic or Nordic branch of the Germanic languages. It is the official language of Iceland with about 300,000 speakers. Historically, it was considered to be one of the Indo-European languages prior to the colonization of the Americas. Icelandic, Faroese, Norn, and Western Norwegian formerly constituted West Nordic; Danish, Eastern Norwegian and Swedish constituted East Nordic. Modern Norwegian is influenced by both groups, leading the Nordic languages to be divided into mainland Scandinavian languages and Insular Nordic (including Icelandic).

Icelandic is the closest of the Northern Germanic languages to Old Norse. The first permanent settlements in Iceland were established by Vikings from Norway and Celts from the British Isles in 870 AD. The main language of the settlers was Old Norse or the Dǫnsk tunga (Danish tongue). A number of great literary works like the Icelandic Sagas were written by Icelanders during the 12th and 13th centuries. These sagas, many of which were the work of unknown authors, were written in a language very much like Old Norse, they comprise the historical works and the eddaic poems. The greatest known authors from this period were Ari the Learned (1068-1148) and Snorri Sturlson (1179-1241).

From 1262 until the 15th century, Iceland was governed by Norway, and then the Danes took over. During the periods of Norwegian and Danish rule, Norwegian and Danish were used in Iceland, to some extent. In 1944 Iceland gained its independence and Icelandic was revived as an official and literary language. Today there is a flourishing publishing industry in Iceland and Icelanders are probably the keenest readers and writers in the world.


ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Icelandic in the following fields:


  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences


Icelandic Proverb: “Allir vilja herrann vera, en enginn sekkinn bera.” – Everyone wants to be lord, but no one wants to carry the bag.

Meaning: There are too many people who want to run things and not enough who are willing to get the work done.


ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Icelandic:


English – Icelandic


German – Icelandic


Spanish – Icelandic


French – Icelandic


Italian — Icelandic







ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Icelandic.



With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Icelandic with us online!


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