(English) Slovenian

Slovene or Slovenian belongs to the group of South Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia. It is the first language of about 2.1 million Slovenian people and is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union.


Standard Slovene is the national standard language that was formed in the 18th century, mostly based on Upper and Lower Carniolan dialect groups. Unstandardized dialects are more preserved in regions of the Slovene Lands where compulsory schooling was in languages other than Standard Slovene, as was the case with the Carinthian Slovenes in Austria, and the Slovene minority in Italy.


Slovene and Slovak are the only two modern Slavic languages whose names for themselves literally mean “Slavic”. Slovene is an Indo-European language belonging to the Western subgroup of the South Slavic branch of the Slavic languages, together with Serbo-Croatian. It is close to the Chakavian and especially Kajkavian dialects of Serbo-Croatian, but further from the Shtokavian dialect, the basis for the Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, and Serbian standard languages. Furthermore, Slovene shares certain linguistic characteristics with all South Slavic languages, including those of the Eastern subgroup, such as Bulgarian.


Like all Slavic languages, Slovene traces its roots to the same proto-Slavic group of languages that produced Old Church Slavonic. The earliest known examples of a distinct, written Slovene dialect are from the Freising Manuscripts, known in Slovene as Brižinski spomeniki. The consensus estimate of their date of origin is between 972 and 1039 (most likely before 1000). These religious writings are among the oldest surviving manuscripts in any Slavic language. By the 15th century, most of the northern areas were gradually Germanized. Standard Slovene emerged in the second half of the 16th century, thanks to the works of Slovene Lutheran authors, who were active during the Protestant Reformation. The most prominent authors from this period are Primož Trubar, who wrote the first books in Slovene; Adam Bohorič, the author of the first Slovene grammar; and Jurij Dalmatin, who translated the entire Bible into Slovene.


During World War II, Slovenia was divided among the Axis Powers of Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, and Hungary. Each of the occupying powers tried to either discourage or entirely suppress the Slovene language. National independence has revitalized the language: since 1991, when Slovenia gained independence, Slovene has been used as an official language in all areas of public life. In 2004 it became one of the official languages of the European Union upon Slovenia’s admission.


ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Slovenian in the following fields:


Law and Contract Law




Marketing and Advertising








Cultural Sciences


Slovenian proverb: Kdor drugemu jamo koplje, sam vanjo pade. – Who digs a trap for others ends up in it himself.


Meaning: If somebody wants to hurt you, a misfortune usually hits himself.


ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Slovenian:


English – Slovenian


Italian – Slovenian


Spanish – Slovenian


German – Slovenian


French – Slovenian




ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Slovenian.


With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Slovenian with us online!


Send your translation requests into or from Slovenian, with the documents you need to be translated to info@promosaik.com