(English) Amharic

Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. So it is a sister language of Arabic and Hebrew. Amharic is rooted from the Ancient language Geez (Ge’ez). Geez was the official language of Ethiopia before Amharic. Although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a language of Ethiopian Church.



abune yamata

Abune Yemata Guh Church



Since the 13th century Amharic has been the language of the court and the population in Highlands of Ethiopia. Amharic is the second-most spoken Semitic language in the world, after Arabic. Amharic has four dialectical variations spoken little different from the popular Amharic dialect (Gojam, Gonder, Wollo, and Menz dialects). According to the 1994 census Amharic is the most commonly spoken language in Ethiopia. It is a native language for over 27 million people in Ethiopia. Amharic is also spoken by over 40,000 people in Israel. It is estimated that Amharic is the language of some 2.7 million emigrants outside Ethiopia. More than 62 million people can speak Amharic globally.



Amharic is written using Fidel, ፊደል, which grew out of the Geez. Modern Amharic has inherited its system of writing by way of the language of the old kingdom of Axum, Geez, which is still the classical and ecclesiastical language of Ethiopia. The roots, then, of Amharic orthography; like those of the language itself, are Semitic. Both Geez and the related languages of Ethiopia are written and read from left to right, in contrast to the other Semitic languages like Arabic and Hebrew.


Amharic has its own writing system, a semi-syllabic system. It possesses 33 primary characters, each representing a consonant and each having 7 variations in form to indicate the vowel which follows the consonant. These 33 sets of 7 forms are the “ordinary characters”; but besides them there are also a number of “diphthong characters”, each representing a consonant and a following vowel with a w sound (or, in one case, a y sound) interposed between them. In writing, none of them is indispensable because the same sounds can always be represented by combinations of the ordinary characters, but many of them are in common use and, on the whole, they cannot be ignored.


Unlike English, Amharic is morphologically complex language. For example, a single Amharic word ባይሰጣቸውም, could be translated as ‘even if it is not given to them’.


Although Amharic is morphologically complex, it could represent a text in less words than English and other languages. In contrast, Geez is suitable language to analyze its morphology and phonology.


ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Amharic in the following fields:

  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences


An Amharic Proverb:


amharisch sprichwort


Do not complain that God created the tiger, but thank God that He did not give him wings.



ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Amharic:

French – Amharic

English – Amharic

German – Amharic



ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Amharic.

Send your request and documents to info@promosaik.com