Colonialism & Revolution In the Middle East: Social and Cultural Origins of Egypt’s ‘Urabi Movement

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Author: Juan R I Cole
Publishing House: American University in Cairo Press
Publishing Year: 1999

Description:

In this stimulating study, Cole challenges traditional elite-centered conceptions of the conflict that led to the British occupation of Egypt in 1882. For a year before the British intervened, Egypt’s government and the country’s influential European community had been locked in a struggle with the nationalist supporters of General Ahmad ‘Urabi. Although most Western observers till see the ‘Urabi movement as a ‘revolt’ of junior military officers with only limited support among the Egyptian people, Cole maintains hat it was a broadly based social revolution hardly underway when it was cutt off by the British. While arguing this fresh point of view, he also proposes a theory of revolutions against informal or neo-colonial empires, drawing parallels between Egypt in 1882, the Boxer Rebellion in China, and the Islamic Revolution in modern Iran.