Dari is the variety of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan. Dari is the term officially recognized and promoted since 1964 by the Afghan government for the Persian language. Hence, it is also known as Afghan Persian in many Western sources. It is one of the two official languages in Afghanistan, along with Pashto, and is used as a lingua franca among the different language communities. Dari is also used as the medium of instruction in Afghan schools. About 5 million people speak Dari in Afghanistan. There are also about 2.5 million Dari speakers in Iran and Pakistan. The Iranian and Afghan types of Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.




There are different opinions about the origin of the word Dari. The majority of scholars believe that Dari refers to the Persian word dar or darbār, meaning “Court”, as it was the formal language of the Sassanids. Dari was believed to be “The language of the cities of Madā’en”. It was spoken by those who are at the king’s court; therefore its name is connected with presence at court.

The origin of Dari comes from the Middle Persian which was spoken during the rule of the Sassanid dynasty. In general, Iranian languages are known from three periods, usually referred to as Old, Middle, and New (Modern) periods. These correspond to three eras in Iranian history, the Old era being the period from some time before, during and after the Achaemenid period (that is, to 300 BC), the Middle Era being the next period, namely, the Sassanid period and part of the post-Sassanid period, and the New era being the period afterwards down to the present day.


ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Dari in the following fields:


  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences



Dari Proverb: “Dil ba dil raah daarad. – دل به دل راه دارد” – “There is a way from heart to heart.”

Meaning: We can succeed together if we work together.


ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Dari:


English – Dari


Italian – Dari


French – Dari


German – Dari




ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Dari.

With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Dari with us online!


Send your translation requests into or from Dari, with the documents you need to be translated to info@promosaik.com