Chinese

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Most linguists classify all varieties of Chinese as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family, together with Burmese, Tibetan and many other languages spoken in the Himalayas and the Southeast Asian Massif. Chinese is spoken by the majority of the population. Nearly 1.2 billion people (around 16% of the world’s population) speak some form of Chinese as their first language. Local varieties of Chinese are conventionally classified into seven dialect groups (Mandarin, Wu, Gan, Xiang, Min, Hakka and Yue).  Mandarin is by far the largest of the seven, with 70 percent of Chinese speakers and a huge area stretching from Yunnan in the southwest to Xinjiang in the northwest and Heilongjiang in the northeast. This is attributed to the greater ease of travel and communication in the North China Plain compared to the more mountainous south, combined with the relatively recent spread of Mandarin to frontier areas.

Mandarin, also called Standard Chinese is the official language of China and Taiwan, and one of the four official languages of Singapore (where it is called “Huayu” 华语 or simply Chinese). There are two standardized forms of the language, namely Putonghua in Mainland China and Guoyu in Taiwan. Aside from a number of differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, Putonghua is written using simplified Chinese characters, while Guoyu is written using traditional Chinese characters.

From an official point of view, Standard Chinese was created to serve as a way for speakers of the several mutually unintelligible varieties of the language, as well as the Chinese minorities, to communicate with each other. Hence its name Putonghua means “common speech”.

The earliest examples of Chinese are divinatory inscriptions on oracle bones from around 1250 BC in the late Shang dynasty. The Chinese language has spread to neighboring countries through a variety of means. At that era the Chinese script was the only writing system available in East Asia. Literary Chinese was the language of administration and scholarship. Although Vietnam, Korea and Japan each developed writing systems for their own languages, these were limited to popular literature. Thus Literary Chinese became the international language of scholarship in East Asia. It allowed scholars from different lands to communicate, and provided a stock of roots from which compound technical terms could be created.

ProMosaik Trans offers translations from and into Chinese in the following fields:

  • Law and Contract Law
  • Patents
  • Marketing and Advertising
  • Technology
  • Science
  • Literature
  • Cultural Sciences

 

A Chinese Proverb: 師傅領進門,修行在個人

Meaning: Teachers open the door. You enter by yourself.

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ProMosaik Trans Istanbul offers the following language combinations from and into Chinese:

Italian –  Chinese

German – Chinese

French – Chinese

English – Chinese

ProMosaik Trans also offers editing, interpreting, proofreading, and transcription services in Chinese.

With ProMosaik interlanguage you can also study Chinese with us online!

Send your translation requests into or from Chinese, with the documents you need to be translated to info@promosaik.com